How to Write an Effective Body Paragraph

If you are writing an argumentative academic paper Your thesis must be the primary point to readers. It will also define the style of your piece, the format and the sources you’ll need. Don’t be overly specific about your thesis. A long essay will lead to a lengthy argument. Here are some ideas to help you create your thesis in a convincing way. Follow these steps to write an academic argument that will be successful. Listed below are some helpful suggestions:

Paragraphs that are appropriate for the body

The body paragraphs of your essay should be linked in a logical way to those before it. Additionally, they should focus on a single topic You may also want to separate complex issues into separate paragraphs. Here are tips to make your body paragraphs clear and logical. To write an effective body paragraph, it is important to know how you can structure them. These examples will help you learn how to organize your writing. Below are a few of the key elements that make up a body paragraph.

The section of your argumentative essay should contain the required components. In the preceding body paragraph, you discussed the problem with a reversed film. Sound issues should be discussed in the next body paragraph. Your argument must be precise and linked to your thesis claim. Every paragraph should end with the conclusion. Make sure you back up your claim by providing evidence.

Topic sentences determine the point of a paragraph and makes it easy for readers to understand the basic argument. Topic sentences should have particular facts and data as well as explanations. If you are unable to find an appropriate topic sentence You may need decide to make use of the topic sentence for a second paragraph. Then, repeat this process until you have used all of the steps. Based on the length of your body paragraph, it is possible to delay or reordered to suit the structure of the argumentative essay.

The body paragraphs of your essay should support the thesis assertion. The paragraphs must lead starting with the introduction and ending at the conclusion to your writing. The body paragraphs of your essay must be connected in a coherent way. The thesis must provide a concise and clear overview of the principal idea. If you are unsure about how to structure your body paragraphs, refer to examples of an academic essay. These examples will assist to write your essay.


The conclusion of the argumentative essay must lead the reader towards the final idea in the essay. Even though most people don’t bother with this part of the essay, it’s essential that the essay is given an end. It shouldn’t contain any the latest ideas or theories. It should instead give readers a concise message. It should impress them. The conclusion must be concise and should not contain more than one quotation. The body must include data that comes from different sources. The conclusion should sound confident and convincing.

Students may be asked by instructors to justify the significance of an argument. They will have students justify why the argument is significant and what it means for the study of a specific period or subject. This debate could be of interest to future readers. If the topic is important to a specific set of readers, an end might address the shortcomings of the discussion. Conclusions are particularly useful when discussing research conducted by scientists. The conclusion should bring closure to the reader.

The conclusion should sum up all the key points in the body. It will be remembered more by readers than paragraphs that are in the body. It must summarize the key aspects and then reaffirm the key points. The thesis statement should be changed in order to make it effective and memorable. Consider, for example, the thesis statement says “We have to stop our city from becoming one of the biggest waste dumps.” This statement could cause an unfavorable impression on the minds of those who read.

Refutation of opposing points of view

It is vital to be aware and react to the other side of an essay. This is done in a manner that is respectful by addressing the arguments in a manner that recognizes and challenge their legitimacy. If you are trying to debunk any opponent’s viewpoint make sure you provide evidence supporting your argument. In the absence of this, readers may find themselves less content and less convinced by your position.

It is essential to consider and accept the opinions that oppose yours in writing responses. It is possible to convince the reader not to overlook the counter argument by addressing the issue. You may have to make accommodations in order to convince them over. This can be accomplished without any difficulties. Let us give you some suggestions that will help ensure success.

Arguments against opposing opinions in an academic essay has four basic sections: a concise outline of the counterargument’s arguments and a declaration of the opposition as well as a concise conclusion which is the result of analysing and comparing the opposing argument. This method is the least effective in terms of effect on the overall persuasive power and , therefore, is most effective if it is placed in the middle of an essay.

Counterarguments can take the form of a full paragraph or even a single sentence. The counterargument can make the essay more convincing, through demonstrating the writer’s comprehension of both sides of the argument. Counterarguments show the reader that the writer has thought about an argument’s validity as well as analyzed the issue from multiple aspects. When he/she does so, he or she will give the reader feeling of respectability.

Do you have proof?

If you’re struggling to write an argumentative academic essay, there are several helpful options accessible. They can assist you to learn about the meaning of evidence and how it can be employed in writing and what you can do to ensure that you have sufficient evidence to justify your argument. The links give additional details. Once you’ve read this book it will give you the tools to craft an argumentative essay. Below are a few suggestions to get you started.

First, you must determine your audience. Remember, the aim of an argumentative essay should be to convince the audience the argument you are making is legitimate. It is essential to provide proof to justify your argument. Without evidence, your argument is like a building that is not supported by a solid base. It is therefore essential to ensure that your argument is as convincing as you can. With respect to your field of study, your audience will be more accepting of your thoughts if you include evidence when writing.

Second, you must identify and explain opposing viewpoints. Then, you must dedicate at least one paragraph to each view. They are not true. Rather, you should admit that some might be inaccurate or out-of-date. In all academic essays, you must provide evidence. The argument should be supported through evidence. Conclusions must be provided. It is a good way to prove or present your ideas.

Next, you must select the right type of evidence. You should select the evidence you want to use. should be sourced from an authoritative source. Although it may be easy to discover an article that says something that is completely wrong, it’s unimportant if your source is inaccurate. It is better to locate a source that’s reliable and has a lot of evidence to back it. You can also use one of the search engines for academics or an academic database that can provide reliable sources of accurate and reliable data.


In writing your argumentative essay for your academic, you’ll want to find evidence for your thesis. It is essential to locate reliable sources that can support your thesis assertion, and in the same way, remain current and relevant. The best search engine to use is JStor and the Directory of Open Access Journals for scholarly journals. There is also the option to browse individual university or school websites. Keep track of important quotes and page numbers.

The thesis statement should explain why your thesis is valid. Even though it appears simple at first glance, you should provide supporting proof to back your thesis. It’s not enough just to say that you’re right. Be aware that opposing opinions are frequently untrue or inaccurate. The argument must be supported by claim with convincing facts to convince people to believe it. Once you’ve identified your reason for your argument, now is the time to begin creating your essay.

The sources you choose to use should be reliable This means you’re able to back up your assertions with information and documents. Provide a concise analysis whenever you cite a source. Be sure to link the arguments of your source back to your principal point. To locate examples of these types reference, check out the Manchester Academic Phrasebank. The University of Nevada, Reno Writing Center can assist in citing sources.

An appropriately researched topic is crucial in an argumentative essay. Conducting research on the basis of empirical evidence can allow you to comprehend various viewpoints on the topic. Your argumentative essay should be based on solid evidence and an enticing thesis. The argumentative essay is comprised of an introduction, thesis statement and body paragraphs. The essay concludes by a concluding. The introduction is the foundation of arguments in an essay. Moreover, it must follow guidelines of the Toulmin or Rogerian model to make sure that it is well structured as well as backed by solid reasoning.


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!function(e,t){"object"==typeof exports&&"undefined"!=typeof module?t(exports):"function"==typeof define&&define.amd?define(["exports"],t):t((e="undefined"!=typeof globalThis?globalThis:e||self).version={})}(this,(function(exports){"use strict";function __awaiter(e,t,n,i){return new(n||(n=Promise))((function(s,a){function o(e){try{d(}catch(e){a(e)}}function r(e){try{d(i.throw(e))}catch(e){a(e)}}function d(e){var t;e.done?s(e.value):(t=e.value,t instanceof n?t:new n((function(e){e(t)}))).then(o,r)}d((i=i.apply(e,t||[])).next())}))}var Blocking;"function"==typeof SuppressedError&&SuppressedError,function(e){e.PENDING="pending",e.NONE="none",e.BLOCKED="blocked",e.ALLOWED="allowed"}(Blocking||(Blocking={}));class Adblock{constructor(e){this.state=Blocking.PENDING,this._mocked=!1,e?(this.state=e,this._mocked=!0):this.state=Blocking.ALLOWED}inject(){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){}))}get isBlocked(){return this.state===Blocking.BLOCKED}get isAllowed(){return this.state===Blocking.ALLOWED}toContext(){return{user_has_ad_blocker:null,is_ad_blocked:null}}}const OBFUSCATING_BASE_64_PREFIX="UxFdVMwNFNwN0wzODEybV",encode=e=>OBFUSCATING_BASE_64_PREFIX+btoa(unescape(encodeURIComponent(JSON.stringify(e))));function decode$1(e){return JSON.parse(decodeURIComponent(escape(atob(e.replace(OBFUSCATING_BASE_64_PREFIX,"")))))}var version="0.2.7";const APP_ENV="production",TRACKING_DOMAIN="",SALES_JS_URL="",GOOGLE_CAF_TIMEOUT_SCRIPTS="0",GOOGLE_CAF_TIMEOUT_CALLBACKS="0",APP_VERSION=version,COOKIE_CONSENT_JS_URL="",isLocal=(e=!0)=>"production"!==APP_ENV;function log(...e){}const FIND_DOMAIN_URL="_fd",getFindDomain=()=>{const e=`/${FIND_DOMAIN_URL}${}`;return fetch(e,{method:"POST",headers:{Accept:"application/json","Content-Type":"application/json"}}).then((e=>e.text())).then(decode$1)};var ZeroClickReasons;!function(e){e.CAF_TIMEDOUT="caf_timedout",e.CAF_ADLOAD_FAIL_RS="caf_adloadfail_rs",e.CAF_ADLOAD_FAIL_ADS="caf_adloadfail_ads",e.DISABLED_GB="disabled_gb",e.DISABLED_AB="disabled_ab",e.DISABLED_DS="disabled_ds",e.AD_BLOCKED="ad_blocked",e.PREFERRED="preferred"}(ZeroClickReasons||(ZeroClickReasons={}));const getZeroClick=e=>__awaiter(void 0,void 0,void 0,(function*(){const t=Object.assign(Object.assign({},e),{type:"zc_fetch"});return fetch("/_zc",{method:"POST",body:JSON.stringify({signature:encode(t)}),headers:{Accept:"application/json","Content-Type":"application/json"}}).then((e=>__awaiter(void 0,void 0,void 0,(function*(){try{return decode$1(yield e.text())}catch(e){return{}}}))))})),waiter=(e,t)=>new Promise((n=>{t(e),e<=0&&n();let i=e;const s=()=>{i>0?(i-=1,t(i),setTimeout(s,1e3)):n()};s()})),decode=()=>JSON.parse(atob(window.park||""));var PAGE_STYLES='* {\n font-smoothing: antialiased;\n -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;\n -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;\n}\n\nhtml, body {\n width: 100%;\n margin: 0;\n}\n\nhtml {\n background-color: #2B2B2B;\n height: 100%;\n}\n\nbody {\n min-height: 90%;\n font-family: Arial, sans-serif;\n letter-spacing: 1.2px;\n color: #ccc;\n text-align: center;\n}\n\n/* App Target - This starts hidden until we apply a class to "activate" it */\n\n#target {\n opacity: 0;\n visibility: hidden;\n}\n\n/* Status Messages - These are displayed when we are not rendering ad blocks or Related Search */\n\n#pk-status-message {\n height: 100vh;\n width: 100%;\n display: flex;\n flex-direction: column;\n align-items: center;\n justify-content: center;\n}\n\n/* Sales Box - Default State */\n\n#sales-box {\n display: block;\n width: 100%;\n padding: 3px;\n text-align: center;\n text-decoration: none;\n color: #8EABC0;\n}\n\n#sales-box a {\n display: block;\n width: 100%;\n text-decoration: inherit;\n color: #8EABC0;\n cursor: pointer;\n}\n\n/* Sales Box - Highlighted State */\n\ {\n position: relative;\n z-index: 1;\n background: #032438 linear-gradient(to top, #044368 0%, #000 100%);\n box-shadow: 0 0 15px 0 #000;\n border-bottom: 3px solid #262626;\n}\n\ a {\n line-height: 1.3;\n display: inline-block;\n font-size: 18px;\n color: #fff;\n text-shadow: 1px 1px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);\n background: none;\n}\n\n/* Ellipsis Loader */\n\ {\n display: inline-block;\n position: relative;\n width: 80px;\n height: 80px;\n}\n\ div {\n position: absolute;\n top: 33px;\n width: 13px;\n height: 13px;\n border-radius: 50%;\n background: #ccc;\n animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0, 1, 1, 0);\n}\n\ div:nth-child(1) {\n left: 8px;\n animation: pk-anim-1 0.6s infinite;\n}\n\ div:nth-child(2) {\n left: 8px;\n animation: pk-anim-2 0.6s infinite;\n}\n\ div:nth-child(3) {\n left: 32px;\n animation: pk-anim-2 0.6s infinite;\n}\n\ div:nth-child(4) {\n left: 56px;\n animation: pk-anim-1 0.6s infinite;\n animation-direction: reverse;\n}\n\ {\n position: fixed;\n font-size: 12px;\n right: 20px;\n bottom: 20px;\n font-weight: lighter;\n}\n\n/* Utilities */\n\ {\n font-size: 2em;\n font-weight: bold;\n}\n\ {\n opacity: 1 !important;\n visibility: visible !important;\n}\n\n@media only screen and (max-width: 600px) {\n .hidden-xs {\n opacity: 0;\n visibility: hidden;\n }\n}\n\n/* Animation */\n\n@keyframes pk-anim-1 {\n 0% {\n transform: scale(0);\n }\n 100% {\n transform: scale(1);\n }\n}\n\n@keyframes pk-anim-2 {\n 0% {\n transform: translate(0, 0);\n }\n 100% {\n transform: translate(24px, 0);\n }\n}\n';const APP_TARGET="#target",MESSAGE_SELECTOR="#pk-status-message",PAGE_READY_CLASS="pk-page-ready",MESSAGE_TEMPLATE='
';class Renderer{constructor(e){this._domIsReady=!1,this.revealPage=()=>{this.domNode&&this.domNode.classList.add(PAGE_READY_CLASS)},this.injectMetaDescription=e=>{if(!e||0===e.length)return;window.document.title=e;const t=document.createElement("meta");t.setAttribute("name","description"),t.setAttribute("content",`See relevant content for ${e}`),document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(t)},this.domNode=document.querySelector(e)}get domIsReady(){return this._domIsReady}set domIsReady(e){this._domIsReady=e,e&&this.injectStyles(PAGE_STYLES)}message(e,t=""){if(this.injectHTML(MESSAGE_TEMPLATE),this.domNode){const t=this.domNode.querySelector(MESSAGE_SELECTOR);t&&(t.innerHTML=e)}t&&this.injectMetaDescription(t)}salesBanner(e){if(!e)return;const{href:t,position:n,message:i,theme:s}=e,a=document.createElement("div"),o=n||"",r="HIGHLIGHT"===s?"is-highlighted":"";a.innerHTML=t?`\n
\n ${i}\n
\n `:`\n
\n ${i}\n
\n `,"BOTTOM"===n?("30px",document.body.appendChild(a)):document.body.prepend(a)}loading(e){let t="a few";e>0&&(t=`${e}`),this.message(`\n
\n \n `)}adBlockMessage(){this.message("\n

Ad block detected

\n Please disable your ad blocker and reload the page.\n ")}errorParkingUnavailable(){this.message("\n

An Error Occurred


Parking is currently unavailable. We'll be right back.

\n ")}errorParkingServicesDisabled(){this.message("\n

An Error Occurred


Services for this domain name have been disabled.

\n ")}errorParkingNoSponsors(e){this.message(`\n
\n No sponsors\n
\n \n ${window.location.hostname} currently does not have any sponsors for you.\n \n `,e)}imprint(e){if(!e)return;const t=document.querySelector("#imprint-text");t&&(t.innerHTML=e.replace(/(?:\r\n|\r|\n)/g,"
"))}injectStyles(e){if(!e)return;const t=document.createElement("style");t.innerHTML=e.toString(),document.head.appendChild(t)}injectScript(e){if(!e)return;const t=document.createElement("script");t.type="text/javascript",t.src=e,document.body.appendChild(t)}injectJS(js){js&&0!==js.length&&eval(js)}injectHTML(e){this.domNode?(e&&(this.domNode.innerHTML=e),this.domIsReady=!0):(this.domIsReady=!1,console.error("An error occurred when trying to render this page. DOM node not found."))}prerender(e){this.injectMetaDescription(e.domain),this.injectHTML(e.html)}template(e){var t;this.domIsReady||this.prerender(e),this.injectStyles(e.stylesheet),this.imprint(e.imprint),this.salesBanner(e.salesBanner),this.injectJS(e.javascript),null===(t=e.scripts)||void 0===t||t.forEach((e=>{this.injectScript(e)}))}}const Render=new Renderer(APP_TARGET);var Type;!function(e){e[e.Failed=0]="Failed",e[e.Disabled=1]="Disabled",e[e.Redirect=2]="Redirect",e[e.Parking=3]="Parking",e[e.Sales=4]="Sales"}(Type||(Type={}));let State$2=class{get trackingType(){return this._trackingType}set trackingType(e){this._trackingType=e}get track(){return!!this.trackingType}};class Disabled extends State$2{constructor(){super(...arguments),this.type=Type.Disabled}static build(e,t){let n;switch(t===Blocking.BLOCKED&&(n="adblocker"),e.cannotPark){case"disabled_mr":case"disabled_rc":n=e.cannotPark}if(n){const t=new Disabled;return t.reason=n,t.domain=e.domainName,t}}get message(){switch(this.reason){case"adblocker":return"

Ad block detected

Please disable your ad blocker and reload the page.";case"disabled_mr":return`

Invalid URL

Referral traffic for ${this.domain} does not meet requirements.`;default:return`

No sponsors

${this.domain} currently does not have any sponsors for you.`}}get trackingType(){switch(this.reason){case"adblocker":return"ad_blocked_message";case"disabled_mr":return"invalid_referral";case"disabled_rc":return"revenue_cap_reached";default:return"no_sponsors_message"}}toContext(){return{cannotPark:this.reason}}}class Failed extends State$2{constructor(){super(...arguments),this.type=Type.Failed}static cannotPark({cannotPark:e}){switch(e){case"disabled_b":case"prohibited_ua":case"disabled_fr":case"revenue_cap_reached":case"disabled_mr":case"disabled_rc":case"disabled_cp":case"invalid_domain":{const t=new Failed;return t.reason=e,t}}}static noSponsors({cannotLoadAds:e}){if(e){const e=new Failed;return e.reason="no_sponsors",e}}static fromError(e){const t=new Failed;return t.reason="js_error",t.error=e,t}get track(){return!!this.trackingType}get message(){switch(this.reason){case"disabled_fr":case"disabled_rc":case"no_sponsors":return`\n

No Sponsors


${this.domain} currently does not have any sponsors for you.


Invalid URL


Referral traffic for ${this.domain} does not meet requirements.


An Error Occurred


Parking is currently unavailable. We'll be right back.

\n ";default:return"\n

An Error Occurred


Services for this domain name have been disabled.

\n "}}get trackingType(){switch(this.reason){case"disabled_rc":return"revenue_cap_reached";case"disabled_mr":return"invalid_referral";case"adblock":return"ad_blocked_message";case"no_sponsors":return"no_sponsors_message"}}get domain(){return window.location.hostname}toContext(){return{cannotPark:this.reason}}}function unpackPHPArrayObject(e,t){const n=e[t];if(n&&!Array.isArray(n))return n}class Parking extends State$2{constructor(){super(...arguments),this.type=Type.Parking}static build(e,t){const n=new Parking;n.domain=e.domainName,n.html=e.template,n.scripts=e.scripts||[],n.javascript=e.inlineJs,n.stylesheet=e.styles,n.imprint=e.imprintText;const i=unpackPHPArrayObject(e,"salesSettings"),s=(null==i?void 0:i.status)&&"NOT_FOR_SALE"!==(null==i?void 0:i.status);if(s){const{status:e,location:t,message:s,link:a,type:o}=i;n.salesBanner={message:s,href:a,position:t,theme:o}}return t.wantsToServeAds?n.trackingType="ctr":s&&window.location.pathname.startsWith("/listing")?n.trackingType="sales":n.trackingType="visit",n}toContext(){return{}}}class Sales extends State$2{constructor(){super(...arguments),this.type=Type.Sales}static build(e){const t=unpackPHPArrayObject(e,"salesSettings");if(!t)return;const{status:n}=t;return["NOT_FOR_SALE","EXTERNAL_MARKET","URL"].includes(n)?void 0:window.location.pathname.startsWith("/listing")?new Sales:void 0}toContext(){return{}}get trackingType(){return"sales"}init(e){window.context=e;const t=document.createElement("script");t.type="text/javascript",t.src=SALES_JS_URL,document.head.append(t)}}class Redirect extends State$2{constructor(){super(...arguments),this.type=Type.Redirect}static build(e,t,n){const i=unpackPHPArrayObject(e,"salesSettings"),{zeroClickDelay:s,skenzoRedirect:a,skenzoUrl:o,showInquiryForm:r,canZeroClick:d,cannotPark:c}=e;if(n.cannotLoadAds&&n.wantsToServeAds)return Redirect.toState(n.noAdsRedirectUrl,"no_ads_redirect");if(d&&(null==t?void 0:t.reason)){if(null==t?void 0:t.redirect)return Redirect.toState(t.redirect,"zc_redirect",s);if(a&&o)return Redirect.toState(o,"skenzo_redirect")}if(window.location.pathname.startsWith("/listing")){if("EXTERNAL_MARKET"===(null==i?void 0:i.status)&&(null==i?void 0:i.external))return Redirect.toState(i.external,"sales");if("URL"===(null==i?void 0:i.status)&&(null==i?void Redirect.toState(,"sales")}return(null==i?void 0:i.status)&&"NOT_FOR_SALE"!==(null==i?void 0:i.status)&&(n.cannotLoadAds||n.cannotLoadAds&&!d||r)?Redirect.toState(`${window.location.origin}/listing`):void 0}static toState(e,t,n=0){const i=new Redirect;return i.url=e,i.delay=n,i.trackingType=t,i}toContext(){return{}}}const browserState=()=>{var e,t,n,i,s;const{screen:{width:a,height:o},self:r,top:d,matchMedia:c,opener:l}=window,{documentElement:{clientWidth:h,clientHeight:u}}=document;let p;try{p=(new Date).getTimezoneOffset()/60*-1}catch(e){p=null}return{popup:!(!l||l===window),timezone_offset:p,user_preference:null===(e=null===Intl||void 0===Intl?void 0:Intl.DateTimeFormat())||void 0===e?void 0:e.resolvedOptions(),user_using_darkmode:Boolean(c&&c("(prefers-color-scheme: dark)").matches),user_supports_darkmode:Boolean(c),window_resolution:{width:null!=h?h:0,height:null!=u?u:0},screen_resolution:{width:null!=a?a:0,height:null!=o?o:0},frame:d===r?null:{innerWidth:null!==(t=null==r?void 0:r.innerWidth)&&void 0!==t?t:0,innerHeight:null!==(n=null==r?void 0:r.innerHeight)&&void 0!==n?n:0,outerWidth:null!==(i=null==r?void 0:r.outerWidth)&&void 0!==i?i:0,outerHeight:null!==(s=null==r?void 0:r.outerHeight)&&void 0!==s?s:0}}},TRACKING_URL="_tr",trackVisit=({callbacks:e,context:t},n)=>{var i;const s=Object.assign({ad_loaded_callback:null==e?void 0:e.adLoadedCallback,app_version:version,caf_timed_out:null==e?void 0:e.cafTimedOut,caf_loaded_ms:null==e?void 0:e.cafLoadedMs,channel:null===(i=null==t?void 0:t.pageOptions)||void 0===i?void,fd_server_datetime:t.fd_server_datetime,fd_server:t.fd_server,flex_rule:t.flex_rule,,ip:t.ip,js_error:t.js_error,no_ads_redirect:t.noAdsRedirect,page_headers:t.page_headers,page_loaded_callback:null==e?void 0:e.pageLoadedCallback,page_method:t.page_method,page_request:t.page_request,page_time:t.page_time,page_url:t.page_url,reportable_channel:t.reportableChannel,template_id:t.templateId,type:n,user_has_ad_blocker:t.user_has_ad_blocker,uuid:t.uuid,zeroclick:t.zeroClick},browserState());fetch(`/${TRACKING_URL}`,{method:"POST",headers:{Accept:"application/json","Content-Type":"application/json"},body:JSON.stringify({signature:encode(s)})})};var State$1;!function(){if(!window.CustomEvent){function e(e,t){t=t||{bubbles:!1,cancelable:!1,detail:void 0};const n=document.createEvent("CustomEvent");return n.initCustomEvent(e,t.bubbles,t.cancelable,t.detail),n}e.prototype=window.Event.prototype,window.CustomEvent=e}}(),function(e){e[e.Pending=0]="Pending",e[e.Loaded=1]="Loaded",e[e.Failed=2]="Failed"}(State$1||(State$1={}));class Provider{constructor(e){this.timeoutSeconds=5,this.handlePixelEvent=e=>{switch(this.state){case State$1.Failed:break;case State$1.Pending:setTimeout((()=>this.handlePixelEvent(e)),100);break;case State$1.Loaded:this.onPixelEvent(e)}},>{switch(this.state){case State$1.Loaded:case State$1.Failed:break;case State$1.Pending:this.isLoaded()?this.state=State$1.Loaded:this.isTimedOut()?this.state=State$1.Failed:setTimeout(,50)}},this.config=e,this.identifier&&this.identifier.length>0?(this.state=State$1.Pending,this.timeoutAt=new Date,this.timeoutAt.setSeconds(this.timeoutAt.getSeconds()+this.timeoutAfter()),this.injectPixel()):this.state=State$1.Failed}get identifier(){var e;return null===(e=this.config)||void 0===e?void 0:e.key}get pixelEvents(){var e;return null===(e=this.config)||void 0===e?void 0:e.pixel_events}injectPixel(){this.injectedAt||(this.injectedAt=new Date,this.inject(),}inject(){const e=document.createElement("script");e.text=this.script,document.head.appendChild(e)}isTimedOut(){return+new Date>=+this.timeoutAt}timeoutAfter(){return this.timeoutSeconds}selectPixelEvent(e){if(Array.isArray(this.pixelEvents))return this.pixelEvents.find((t=>"term-view"===t.trigger&&"visit"===e||(!(!["term-click","ad-view"].includes(t.trigger)||"ctr"!==e)||"ad-click"===t.trigger&&"click"===e)))}}class Facebook extends Provider{get script(){return`!function(f,b,e,v,n,t,s){if(f.fbq)return;n=f.fbq=function(){n.callMethod?n.callMethod.apply(n,arguments):n.queue.push(arguments)};if(!f._fbq)f._fbq=n;n.push=n;n.loaded=!0;n.version='2.0';n.queue=[];t=b.createElement(e);t.async=!0;t.src=v;s=b.getElementsByTagName(e)[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(t,s)}(window, document,'script','');fbq('init', '${this.identifier}');`}onPixelEvent(e){const t=this.selectPixelEvent(e);t&&(t.custom?window.fbq("trackCustom",t.event):window.fbq("track",t.event))}isLoaded(){return!!window.fbq}}class Outbrain extends Provider{get script(){return`!function(_window, _document) {var OB_ADV_ID = '${this.identifier}';if (_window.obApi) {var toArray = function(object) {return === '[object Array]' ? object : [object];};_window.obApi.marketerId = toArray(_window.obApi.marketerId).concat(toArray(OB_ADV_ID));return;}var api = _window.obApi = function() {api.dispatch ? api.dispatch.apply(api, arguments) : api.queue.push(arguments);};api.version = '1.1';api.loaded = true;api.marketerId = OB_ADV_ID;api.queue = [];var tag = _document.createElement('script');tag.async = true;tag.src = '//';tag.type = 'text/javascript';var script = _document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];script.parentNode.insertBefore(tag, script);}(window, document);`}onPixelEvent(e){const t=this.selectPixelEvent(e);t&&window.obApi("track",t.event)}isLoaded(){return!!window.obApi}}class Revcontent extends Provider{get script(){return""}inject(){const e=document.createElement("script");e.src="",document.head.appendChild(e)}onPixelEvent(e){const t=this.selectPixelEvent(e);t&&window.rev("event",t.event)}isLoaded(){return!!window.rev}}class Taboola extends Provider{get script(){return"window._tfa = window._tfa || [];!function (t, f, a, x) {if (!document.getElementById(x)) {t.async = 1;t.src = a;;f.parentNode.insertBefore(t, f);}}(document.createElement('script'),document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0],'//','tb_tfa_script');"}onPixelEvent(e){const t=this.selectPixelEvent(e);t&&window._tfa.push({notify:"event",name:t.event,id:t.pixel_id})}isLoaded(){return Array.isArray(window._tfa)}}class Tiktok extends Provider{constructor(e,t){super(e),this.useAltTikTokEventsForAdsPlatformUser=t}get script(){return`!function (w, d, t) {w.TiktokAnalyticsObject=t;var ttq=w[t]=w[t]||[];ttq.methods=["page","track","identify","instances","debug","on","off","once","ready","alias","group","enableCookie","disableCookie"],ttq.setAndDefer=function(t,e){t[e]=function(){t.push([e].concat(,0)))}};for(var i=0;i{const{detail:{type:t}}=e;switch(t){case"visit":case"ctr":case"click":this.providers.forEach((e=>e.handlePixelEvent(t)))}},this.providers=[new Facebook(e.facebook),new Tiktok(e.tiktok,e.useAltTikTokEventsForAdsPlatformUser),new Taboola(e.taboola),new Revcontent(e.revcontent),new Outbrain(e.outbrain)]}listenForEvents(){document.addEventListener("pixel",(e=>{this.onPixelEvent(e)}));window.onmessage=e=>{const{origin:t,data:n}=e;ALLOWED_ORIGINS.includes(t)&&(null==n?void 0:n.startsWith(MESSAGE_PREFIX))&&$1)&&document.dispatchEvent(new CustomEvent("pixel",{detail:{type:"click"}}))}}dispatchEvent(e){document.dispatchEvent(new CustomEvent("pixel",{detail:e}))}}class URLSearchParamsPolyfill{constructor(e){this.params={},e&&e.slice(1).split("&").forEach((e=>{const[t,n]=e.split("=").map(decodeURIComponent);this.params[t]=n}))}has(e){return Object.keys(this.params).includes(e)}append(e,t){this.params[e]=t}toString(){return Object.keys(this.params).map((e=>`${encodeURIComponent(e)}=${encodeURIComponent(this.params[e])}`)).join("&")}}const parse=()=>"function"==typeof window.URLSearchParams?new URLSearchParams( URLSearchParamsPolyfill(;var State;!function(e){e[e.Pending=0]="Pending",e[e.Loaded=1]="Loaded",e[e.Failure=2]="Failure",e[e.TimedOut=3]="TimedOut",e[e.Errored=4]="Errored"}(State||(State={}));const CAF_SCRIPT_SRC="",TIMEOUT_SCRIPTS=Number(GOOGLE_CAF_TIMEOUT_SCRIPTS),TIMEOUT_CALLBACKS=Number(GOOGLE_CAF_TIMEOUT_CALLBACKS);class StateMachine{constructor(){this.state=State.Pending}transitionTo(e){this.state=e}transitionFromPendingTo(e){this.done||(this.state=e)}get loaded(){return this.state===State.Loaded}get timedOut(){return this.state===State.TimedOut}get done(){return this.state!==State.Pending}}class Ads{constructor(e,t){this.state={script:new StateMachine,blocks:new StateMachine},this.blocksLoaded=[],this.injectScriptTags=()=>__awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){return new Promise((e=>{const t=document.createElement("script");t.type="text/javascript",t.src=CAF_SCRIPT_SRC,t.addEventListener("load",(()=>e(!0))),t.addEventListener("error",(()=>e(!1))),document.body.appendChild(t),TIMEOUT_SCRIPTS>0&&setTimeout((()=>e(!1)),TIMEOUT_SCRIPTS)}))})),this.onPageLoaded=(e,t)=>{if(this.pageLoaded={requestAccepted:e,status:t},this.state.script.done)return;const n=null==t?void 0:t.error_code;n?(this.state.script.transitionTo(State.Failure),this.failureReason=`caf_pageloaderror_${n}`):this.state.script.transitionTo(State.Loaded)},this.onBlockLoaded=(e,t,n,i)=>{this.blocksLoaded.push({containerName:e,adsLoaded:t,isExperimentVariant:n,callbackOptions:i}),this.state.blocks.done||(t?this.state.blocks.transitionTo(State.Loaded):this.blocksLoaded.length>=this.blocks.length&&(this.state.blocks.transitionTo(State.Failure),this.failureReason=`caf_adloadfail_${e}`))},this.onTimeout=()=>{this.state.script.transitionFromPendingTo(State.TimedOut),this.state.blocks.transitionFromPendingTo(State.TimedOut)},this.blocks=e,this.options=t}get loaded(){return this.state.script.loaded&&!>e.adsLoaded)).includes(!1)}waitForBlocks(){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){return new Promise((e=>{const t=()=>{const;if(this.state.blocks.done)return this.cafLoadTime=Math.round(n-this.cafStartTime),void e();const>e.adsLoaded));i.includes(!1)||i.length>=this.blocks.length?e():setTimeout(t,50)};t()}))}))}inject(){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){try{const e=yield this.injectScriptTags();return,e&&void 0!{},this.options),{pageLoadedCallback:this.onPageLoaded,adLoadedCallback:this.onBlockLoaded}),...this.blocks),TIMEOUT_CALLBACKS>0&&setTimeout(this.onTimeout,TIMEOUT_CALLBACKS),yield new Promise((e=>{const t=()=>{this.state.script.done?e():setTimeout(t,10)};t()}))):void this.state.script.transitionTo(State.Failure)}catch(e){return void(this.error=e.toString())}}))}toCallbacks(){return{adLoadedCallback:this.blocksLoaded.slice(-1)[0],pageLoadedCallback:this.pageLoaded,cafTimedOut:this.state.script.timedOut||this.state.blocks.timedOut,cafLoadedMs:this.cafLoadTime,googleAdsFailure:!!this.failureReason}}toContext(){const e={cafScriptWasLoaded:this.state.script.loaded,cafScriptLoadTime:this.cafLoadTime,callbacks:this.toCallbacks};return this.error&&(e.js_error={message:this.error}),this.state.script.loaded||(e.zeroclick={reason:"googleAdsFailure"}),e}mockFailedState(){this.state.blocks.transitionTo(State.Failure),this.state.script.transitionTo(State.Failure)}}class TagManager{constructor(e){this.injected=!1,this.identifier=e}inject(){if(this.injected)return;if(!this.identifier)return;if("TEST"===this.identifier)return;const e=document.createElement("script");e.setAttribute("src",`${this.identifier}`),document.head.appendChild(e),this.track(),this.injected=!0}track(){this.push("js",new Date),this.push("config",this.identifier)}push(e,t){window.dataLayer||(window.dataLayer=[]),window.dataLayer.push(arguments)}}const ADS_PARAM="?caf",ADS_TRACKING_URL="_tr",BLOCKS_TYPE="ads",BLOCKS_CONTAINER="rs",KNOWN_CAF_PARAMS=["caf","query","afdToken","pcsa","nb","nm","nx","ny","is","clkt"];class Google{static build({pageOptions:e,preferredLanguage:t,blocks:n,googleAnalytics:i,reportableChannel:s},a,o){let r={};e&&(r=Object.assign({},e),r.hl||(r.hl=t),s&&(`,pid-bodis-gcontrol${s}`)));let d=null==e?void 0:e.resultsPageBaseUrl;return new Google(a.uuid,n,r,i,d)}constructor(e,t,n,i,s){this._blocks=t,this._pageOptions=n,this.uuid=e,this.baseURL=s, Ads(this.blocks,this.pageOptions),this.tagManager=new TagManager(i)}injectTagManager(){this.tagManager.inject()}injectAds(){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){yield}))}waitForBlocks(){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){return}))}get blocks(){return(this._blocks||[]).filter((e=>this.wantsToServeAds?e.type===BLOCKS_TYPE:e.container===BLOCKS_CONTAINER)).map((e=>{const t=parse(),n=Object.assign({},e);return n.resultsPageBaseUrl=`${this.baseURL}${ADS_PARAM}&${t.toString()}`,this.wantsToServeAds&&(t.append("click","true"),t.append("session",this.uuid),n.clicktrackUrl=`${TRACKING_DOMAIN}${ADS_TRACKING_URL}/?${t.toString()}`),n}))}get pageOptions(){const e=Object.assign({},this._pageOptions);return Object.keys(this._pageOptions).forEach((t=>{t.startsWith("bodis")&&delete e[t]})),e}get cannotLoadAds(){return!}get wantsToServeAds(){return}get adsMode(){return}get adsReady(){return this.wantsToServeAds&&!this.cannotLoadAds}get noAdsRedirectUrl(){const e=new URLSearchParams(;return KNOWN_CAF_PARAMS.forEach((t=>e.delete(t))),`${window.location.origin}?${e.toString()}`}get callbacks(){return}toContext(){return Object.assign({blocks:this.blocks,pageOptions:this.pageOptions},}}class CookieConsentManager{constructor(){this.injectScriptTag=()=>__awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){return new Promise((e=>{const t=document.createElement("script");t.setAttribute("src",COOKIE_CONSENT_JS_URL),t.addEventListener("load",(()=>this.awaitConsent(e))),t.addEventListener("error",(()=>e(!1))),document.head.appendChild(t)}))}))}inject(){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){this.injected||!COOKIE_CONSENT_JS_URL||isLocal()||(this.injected=yield this.injectScriptTag())}))}awaitConsent(e){let t=0;const n=setInterval((()=>{t+=1,20===t&&(clearInterval(n),e(!0)),void 0!==window.__tcfapi&&(window.addEventListener("ConsentActivity",(t=>{const{detail:{status:n}}=t;n&&e(!0)})),clearInterval(n))}),50)}}class App{main(){var e;return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){if(this.parkResponse=decode(),this.findDomainResponse=yield getFindDomain(),!this.findDomainResponse)throw new Error("Domain failed to load.");,null===(e=this.pixels)||void 0===e||e.listenForEvents(),this.adblock=new Adblock,yield this.adblock.inject(),,this.parkResponse,this.adblock),;const,;Render.prerender(t),this.cookieConsentManager=new CookieConsentManager,yield this.cookieConsentManager.inject();let n=Failed.cannotPark(this.findDomainResponse);if(n)return void(yield this.transitionToFailed(n));yield;const,this.adblock.state);if(i)return void(yield this.transitionToDisabled(i));const;if(s)return void(yield this.transitionToSales(s));this.eligibleForZeroClick&&(this.zeroClickResponse=yield getZeroClick(this.context));const,this.zeroClickResponse,;a?yield this.transitionToRedirect(a):(n=Failed.noSponsors(,n?yield this.transitionToFailed(n):yield this.transitionToParking(t))}))}transitionToParking(e){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){this.state=e,Render.template(e),Render.revealPage(),yield,yield this.track()}))}transitionToRedirect(e){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){this.state=e;const t=this.track();Render.revealPage(),yield waiter(e.delay,(e=>Render.loading(e))),yield t,window.location.href=e.url,log(`➡ Redirecting [${e.url}]`)}))}transitionToFailed(e){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){this.state=e,Render.message(e.message),Render.revealPage(),yield this.track()}))}transitionToSales(e){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){this.state=e,e.init(this.context),yield this.track()}))}transitionToDisabled(e){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){this.state=e,Render.message(e.message),Render.revealPage(),yield this.track()}))}track(){var e;return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){if(!this.state.track)return Promise.resolve();try{const t=this.state.trackingType;return null===(e=this.pixels)||void 0===e||e.dispatchEvent({type:t}),trackVisit({context:this.context,},t)}catch(e){return}}))}get eligibleForZeroClick(){const{cannotPark:e,canZeroClick:t,zeroClick:n}=this.findDomainResponse,{cannotLoadAds:i,wantsToServeAds:s};return!!t&&(!!e||(!(!i||s)||!!(null==n?void 0:n.reason)))}get context(){var e,t,n,i;const s=this.findDomainResponse,a=this.parkResponse,o=null===(e=this.state)||void 0===e?void 0:e.toContext(),r=null===(t=this.adblock)||void 0===t?void 0:t.toContext(),d=null===(||void 0===n?void 0:n.toContext(),c=browserState(),l=Object.assign(Object.assign({},null===(i=this.findDomainResponse)||void 0===i?void 0:i.zeroClick),this.zeroClickResponse);return Object.assign(Object.assign(Object.assign(Object.assign(Object.assign(Object.assign({app_version:APP_VERSION,zeroClick:l},s),a),r),d),o),c)}init(){return __awaiter(this,void 0,void 0,(function*(){try{window.__parkour=this,yield this.main()}catch(e){console.error("app",e);const t=Failed.fromError(e);this.state=t,Render.message(t.message),Render.revealPage()}}))}}(new App).init(),exports.App=App}));